Foundation of Melbourne
Throughout the years from 1797 till 1804, a series of navigators have explored the south-east coast of the Australian continent. In 1797 George Bass discovered Bass Strait, the passage between the Australian mainland and Van Diemen's Land. In 1802 John Murray, the first recorded European to sail into Lady Nelson, Port Phillip. In 1803 Charles Robbins and Charles Grimes explored the bay in the schooner Cumberland and found the mouth of the Yarra River which led them to Dights Falls at Collinwood.
In 1835 a permanent settlement was established in Victoria by Edward Henly and his brothers, news that reached a group of investors who founded the Port Philip Association. In April that year, Batman hired a sailboat called Rebecca and sailed across the Strait and up Port Philip to the mouth of the Yarra. He explored a large area in what is now known as the northern suburbs of Melbourne. The land in which he travelled was mostly treeless and full of Kangaroo grass that he described as “Land of the best description, equal to any in the world... the most beautiful sheep pasturage I ever saw in my life.”